The administrative system of the Mauryan Empire, one of India’s most significant empires, was extensively studied and admired for its efficiency and organization.
The government of the Mauryans was characterized by a centralized structure in which the emperor held the majority of authority. The administration of the empire was overseen by a council of ministers and officials who assisted the emperor.
“janapadas” were the provinces that comprised the Mauryan Empire. Each janapada was governed by a prince who was responsible for maintaining law and order and levying taxes.
The janapadas were subdivided further into districts called “vishayas.” A local official known as a “vishayapati” administered the vishayas.
The Mauryan administration was renowned for its efficient system of tax collection. The revenue system was based on the accumulation of land revenue, which was the primary source of income for the state.
Officials of the Mauryan Empire conducted land surveys and imposed a tax based on the productivity of the land. The revenue was collected by officials and conveyed to the imperial treasury.
Additionally, the administration of Maurya was renowned for its efficient communication system. A network of roads and rest stops connected the empire, allowing officials to travel swiftly and communicate with one another.
The government of Maurya was also recognized for its social and religious policies. Ashoka, the Mauryan emperor, was renowned for his policies of religious tolerance and societal welfare. In addition to founding hospitals and institutions, he promoted Buddhism as a way of life.
The administration of Maurya was characterized by a centralized government, efficient revenue collection, and efficient communication. Additionally, the social and religious policies of the Mauryan emperor contributed to the welfare of the people and the stability of the empire.