The management of human and animal waste as well as other environmental elements that may have an effect on public health are referred to as environmental sanitation.
The following are the main issues with environmental sanitation:
Lack of access to clean water: Waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid, and diarrhoea can spread because there is a lack of access to clean water in many regions of the world.
Lack of basic sanitary infrastructure, such as toilets and sewage systems, in many communities can result in the spread of diseases through human and animal waste.
Improper waste disposal can result in environmental degradation and health risks. This includes the improper disposal of solid waste, which includes plastics and other non-biodegradable items.
Air pollution: Respiratory conditions like asthma and lung cancer can be brought on by poor air quality. Emissions from vehicles, factories, and the burning of fossil fuels are a few examples of sources of air pollution.
Global environmental issue, climate change has the potential to have a significant negative influence on human health, including increasing frequency and severity of natural catastrophes, food poverty, and the spread of vector-borne diseases.
Food and water contamination: Bacteria, viruses, and other hazardous substances can contaminate food and water, resulting in foodborne illnesses and waterborne illnesses.
Poor hygiene habits: Habits that contribute to the spread of infections include not washing hands after using the restroom or before preparing food.
An all-encompassing strategy that incorporates infrastructure development, education and public awareness campaigns, and legislative initiatives is needed to address these environmental sanitation issues.
This can include offering access to clean water and sanitary facilities, handling trash properly, taking steps to reduce air pollution, developing strategies to adapt to climate change, and promoting good hygiene habits.